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In the picturesque landscapes of Tuscany, amidst rolling hills and sun-kissed vineyards, thrives a remarkable olive tree variety known as Pendolino. Named after its pendulous branching characteristic, this olive tree has captured the hearts of growers and landscape enthusiasts alike. With its high fruit production, vital role as a pollinator, and stunning weeping habit, the Pendolino olive tree has become a beloved symbol of the region. Join us as we delve into the captivating world of this Tuscan treasure.

woman's hand holding an olive on the olive tree

The Pendolino Olive Tree of Tuscany

The term “Pendolino” for the olive tree variety traces its origins to the Italian language. “Pendolino” is derived from the Italian word “pendolo,” which translates to “pendulum” in English. The name is a reference to the distinctive pendulous or weeping branching characteristic exhibited by this particular olive tree variety. The branches gracefully droop or sway like a pendulum, giving the tree its unique visual appeal. This naming choice aptly captures the captivating aesthetic quality that sets the Pendolino olive tree apart from other varieties.

Scientifically, the Pendolino olive tree belongs to the following systematic position:

Plantae (Plants)

Tracheophytes (Vascular plants)

Angiosperms (Flowering plants)

Eudicots (True dicotyledons)





woman's hand holding an olive on the olive tree
Olive trees during summer with a morning sunlight.

Species: Olea europaea

The Pendolino olive tree is a cultivar or variety within the species Olea europaea, which encompasses various olive tree cultivars found worldwide.

Hailing from the locality of Fiorentino in Italy, Pendolino olive trees have found their home in Tuscany and Central Italy. This variety has quickly gained popularity and widespread cultivation due to its adaptability to different terrains and climates. Its ability to thrive in diverse environments has made it a sought-after choice for growers, from the sun-drenched hillsides of Tuscany to the coastal regions of Italy.

One of the most significant attributes of Pendolino is its crucial role as an exceptional pollinator. It gracefully contributes to the successful cultivation of both table olives and those destined for oil production. Growers appreciate the reliability and productivity of this variety, as it ensures bountiful harvests year after year. Pendolino’s early and abundant flowering adds a touch of natural beauty to olive groves, captivating the senses and enhancing the enchanting landscapes.

Beyond its agricultural significance, the Pendolino olive tree possesses an inherent beauty that makes it a sought-after choice for ornamental planting. Its weeping habit creates a mesmerizing display, as graceful branches cascade downwards, adding an element of elegance to any landscape. With proper care, Pendolino can grow up to 20 feet tall, becoming a striking focal point in gardens and parks. Its gray-green foliage, inconspicuous white spring flowers, and fall fruit further enhance its desirability as a landscape specimen.

olive oil in the cup next to olives, leaves and a spoon on the wooden table

Pendolino Olive Oil

Let’s explore the characteristics of the Pendolino olive itself. These olives are primarily used for the production of high-quality olive oil, which has earned its place among the existing supply of monovarietal oils in Italy. Pendolino olives are medium-sized, elliptical, and asymmetric in shape. As they mature, their skin turns a luscious black, signalling readiness for harvest. The olives have a low pulp-to-bone ratio, contributing to their desirable oil content.

Pendolino olive oil, also known as Extra Virgin Olive Oil Pendolino (EVOO), delights the palate with its fruity and consistent fluidity. It presents a harmonious combination of flavors, starting with a sweet entrance, transitioning to a pleasant bitterness, and ending with a characteristic spicy note that lingers on the throat. The oil exhibits enticing aromas, including notes of bitter almond, hints of fresh grass, and delicate undertones of artichoke. With its average polyphenol content and high level of oleic acid, Pendolino EVOO is not only a culinary delight but also offers potential health benefits.

olive oil in the cup next to olives, leaves and a spoon on the wooden table
old olive trees in the olive garden during the day

Care System for Pendolino Olive Tree

The Pendolino olive tree thrives in most average, slightly alkaline, and well-drained soils. However, it is highly adaptable and can tolerate a range of soil conditions. Ensure the soil provides good drainage to prevent waterlogging, which can be detrimental to the roots.

Pendolino olive trees do best when planted near other olive trees. This is because they are primarily utilized as pollinators for other varieties. Planting them in proximity to other olive trees ensures efficient cross-pollination and enhances fruit production.

During the first few growing seasons, it is essential to water the Pendolino olive tree deeply and regularly. This helps establish an extensive root system. Once the tree is well-established, reduce the frequency of watering. Pendolino is known to tolerate drought conditions, but it is still important to monitor soil moisture levels during prolonged dry periods and provide supplementary irrigation if necessary.

Young Pendolino plants are more susceptible to damage from winter extremes. Therefore, it is advisable to provide shelter or protection during harsh winter conditions. This can be achieved by covering the tree with a breathable fabric or constructing a temporary barrier to shield it from cold winds or frost.

Regular pruning is essential to maintain the health and shape of the Pendolino olive tree. Prune away dead or diseased branches and promote proper airflow within the canopy. This helps prevent the development of fungal diseases and encourages optimal fruit production.

Pendolino olive trees generally do not require heavy fertilization. However, it is beneficial to provide a balanced fertilizer specifically formulated for olive trees in the early spring. This helps replenish essential nutrients and supports healthy growth.

Monitor the tree regularly for any signs of pest infestation or disease. While Pendolino olive trees are relatively resistant to common olive pests like the olive fly, they can be susceptible to diseases such as repilo, tuberculosis, and bold. If necessary, consult with a local agricultural extension service or professional for appropriate pest and disease management strategies.

By following these care guidelines, you can ensure the vitality and productivity of your Pendolino olive tree, creating a thriving and beautiful addition to your landscape or orchard.

woman in a yellow dress walking through olive tree garden


The Pendolino olive tree has undoubtedly earned its place as a gem among Italian olive varieties. From its pendulous branches to its productive nature and adaptability, this variety captures the essence of Tuscany’s olive-growing heritage. Whether as a reliable pollinator, a breathtaking landscape feature, or a source of exceptional olive oil, Pendolino continues to enchant growers and olive oil enthusiasts alike.

woman in a yellow dress walking through olive tree garden
Pendolino Olive tree on sunlight. Closeup of olive branch.

Pendolino’s early and abundant flowering enhances landscapes and adds beauty to olive groves. These olives are used for producing high-quality olive oil, with their medium-sized, elliptical, and asymmetric shape making them a desirable choice for olive oil production. Pendolino olive oil, also known as Extra Virgin Olive Oil Pendolino (EVOO), offers a fruity, consistent fluidity with a harmonious blend of flavors. Its average polyphenol content and high oleic acid content provide potential health benefits. To care for the Pendolino olive tree, ensure good soil conditions, plant near other trees, and water regularly during the first few growing seasons.

Pendolino olive on a tree


The Pendolino olive tree, a remarkable variety in Tuscany, is known for its pendulous branching characteristic and high fruit production. Originating from Fiorentino, Italy, it belongs to the Oleaceae family and is a beloved symbol of the region. Its unique visual appeal and distinctive weeping habit make it a captivating and sought-after olive tree variety. Pendolino olives are popular for their adaptability to various environments, making them a sought-after choice for growers. They are exceptional pollinators, contributing to successful cultivation of table olives and oil production.

Closeup of olive branch with olives on the olive tree

Reduce watering frequency, provide winter protection, and prune regularly to maintain Pendolino olive tree health. Fertilize with a balanced fertilizer in early spring for healthy growth. Monitor for pests and diseases, as well as pest and disease management. Consult local extension service for pest and disease management, and follow care guidelines for the thriving Pendolino olive tree, a Tuscany-inspired olive variety.

Thanks for joining us and coming along on this journey of discovery. To learn more about sustainable living and farming, please check back often for new articles.

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